All for Joomla All for Webmasters

ABA Therapy

Behavior analysis focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one such principle. 

When a behavior is followed by some sort of reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behavior analysis has developed many techniques for increasing useful behaviors and reducing those that may cause harm or interfere with learning.
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior.
As mentioned, behavior analysts began working with young children with autism and related disorders in the 1960s. Early techniques often involved adults directing most of the instruction. Some allowed the child to take the lead. Since that time, a wide variety of ABA techniques have been developed for building useful skills in learners with autism – from toddlers through adulthood.
These techniques can be used in structured situations such as a classroom lesson as well as in "everyday" situations such as family dinnertime or the neighborhood playground. Some ABA therapy sessions involve one-on-one interaction between the behavior analyst and the participant. Group instruction can likewise prove useful.

How Does ABA Benefit Those with Autism?

Today, ABA is widely recognized as a safe and effective treatment for autism. It has been endorsed by a number of state and federal agencies, including the U.S. Surgeon General and the New York State Department of Health. Over the last decade, the nation has seen a particularly dramatic increase in the use of ABA to help persons with autism live happy and productive lives. In particular, ABA principles and techniques can foster basic skills such as looking, listening and imitating, as well as complex skills such as reading, conversing and understanding another person’s perspective.

What Does Research Tell Us About ABA and Autism?

A number of completed studies have demonstrated that ABA techniques can produce improvements in communication, social relationships, play, self care, school and employment. These studies involved age groups ranging from preschoolers to adults. Results for all age groups showed that ABA increased participation in family and community activities.
A number of peer-reviewed studies have examined the potential benefits of combining multiple ABA techniques into comprehensive, individualized and intensive early intervention programs for children with autism. "Comprehensive" refers to interventions that address a full range of life skills, from communication and sociability to self-care and readiness for school. "Early intervention" refers to programs designed to begin before age 4. "Intensive" refers to programs that total 25 to 40 hours per week for 1 to 3 years.
These programs allow children to learn and practice skills in both structured and unstructured situations. The “intensity” of these programs may be particularly important to replicate the thousands of interactions that typical toddlers experience each day while interacting with their parents and peers.
Such studies have demonstrated that many children with autism experience significant improvements in learning, reasoning, communication and adaptability when they participate in high-quality ABA programs. Some preschoolers who participate in early intensive ABA for two or more years acquire sufficient skills to participate in regular classrooms with little or no additional support. Other children learn many important skills, but still need additional educational support to succeed in a classroom.
Across studies, a small percentage of children show relatively little improvement. More research is needed to determine why some children with autism respond more favorably to early intensive ABA than others do. Currently, it remains difficult to predict the extent to which a particular child will benefit.
In some studies, researchers compared intensive ABA with less intensive ABA and/or other early intervention or special education programs for children with autism. Generally, they found that children who receive intensive ABA treatment make larger improvements in more skill areas than do children who participate in other interventions. In addition, the parents of the children who receive intensive ABA report greater reductions in daily stress than do parents whose children receive other treatments

What Does ABA Intervention Involve?

Effective ABA intervention for autism is not a "one size fits all" approach and should never be viewed as a "canned" set of programs or drills. On the contrary, a skilled therapist customizes the intervention to each learner's skills, needs, interests, preferences and family situation. For these reasons, an ABA program for one learner will look different than a program for another learner. That said, quality ABA programs for learners with autism have the following in common:

Planning and Ongoing Assessment

* A qualified and trained behavior analyst designs and directly oversees the intervention.
* The analyst’s development of treatment goals stems from a detailed assessment of each learner's skills and preferences and may also include family goals.
* Treatment goals and instruction are developmentally appropriate and target a broad range of skill areas such as communication, sociability, self-care, play and leisure, motor development and academic skills.
* Goals emphasize skills that will enable learners to become independent and successful in both the short and long terms.
* The instruction plan breaks down desired skills into manageable steps to be taught from the simplest (e.g. imitating single sounds) to the more complex (e.g. carrying on a conversation).
* The intervention involves ongoing objective measurement of the learner’s progress.
* The behavior analyst frequently reviews information on the learner’s progress and uses this to adjust procedures and goals as needed.
* The analyst meets regularly with family members and program staff to plan ahead, review progress and make adjustments as needed.

ABA Techniques and Philosophy

* The instructor uses a variety of behavior analytic procedures, some of which are directed by the instructor and others initiated by the learner.
* Parents and/or other family members and caregivers receive training so they can support learning and skill practice throughout the day.
* The learner’s day is structured to provide many opportunities – both planned and naturally occurring - to acquire and practice skills in both structured and unstructured situations.
* The learner receives an abundance of positive reinforcement for demonstrating useful skills and socially appropriate behaviors. The emphasis is on positive social interactions and enjoyable learning.
* The learner receives no reinforcement for behaviors that pose harm or prevent learning.

What Kind of Progress Can Be Expected with ABA?

Competently delivered ABA intervention can help learners with autism make meaningful changes in many areas. However, changes do not typically occur quickly. Rather, most learners require intensive and ongoing instruction that builds on their step-by-step progress. Moreover, the rate of progress – like the goals of intervention – varies considerably from person to person depending on age, level of functioning, family goals and other factors.
Some learners do acquire skills quickly. But typically, this rapid progress happens in just one or two particular skill areas such as reading, while much more instruction and practice is needed to master another skill area such as interacting with peers.

Who Is Qualified to Provide ABA Intervention?

Just as a medical treatment program should be directed by a qualified medical professional, ABA programs for learners with autism should be designed and supervised by qualified professionals, which include either licensed clinical psychologists with training in applied behavior analysis or behavior analysts, who are board certified with supervised experience providing ABA treatment for autism or who can clearly document that they have equivalent training and experience.
Because of the huge demand for ABA intervention for autism, many individuals and programs now claim to provide ABA. Some are private practitioners or agencies that offer services in a family's home. Others operate private schools. And still others provide consultation services to public schools.
Unfortunately, some who claim to offer ABA lack the field’s established minimum requirements in education and practical experience. Family members, teachers and others involved in developing an individual’s therapy and support program should keep the following in mind when choosing an ABA program or practitioner:

.

Comment

  • 광주출장 광주출장 Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    The next time I read a blog, Hopefully it does not disappoint me as much as this one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read, but I really believed you would probably have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something you could fix if you weren't too busy looking for attention.

  • Watford Window Repair Watford Window Repair Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    Double glazing in Watford can improve your home's energy efficiency
    as well as lower your fuel costs. This type of home improvement can boost the value of your property,
    but it's also a the cost of a premium.

  • cbd for sale usa cbd for sale usa Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    Hemp is a class of botanicals that contains cultivars of Cannabis sativa.
    It is among the fastest growing plants in the world despite its many applications.
    It is used to create a variety of products, from clothing to paper.

  • uk payday loan uk payday loan Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    A payday loans is a short-term credit which can be repaid over a certain time.
    Instalments are usually used. However the interest rates on these loans are higher than other kinds
    of short-term loan.

  • agen Judi slot Online indonesia agen Judi slot Online indonesia Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    Agen Slot Pragmatic could be an ideal option if you're looking for a game you
    can play for real money. This company is
    focused on online slots and the links to their site are available on every MPO casino's slot website.

  • Guaranteed payday loan direct lender Guaranteed payday loan direct lender Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    People who seek guaranteed payday loans are often concerned about
    their credit score and credit history. Guaranteed loans are specially designed for those with poor credit
    scores. All UK loans require a credit check.

  • payday loan online payday loan online Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    Applying online for a payday loan is a great option if you require money but don't
    have the funds to pay off your debts. The process is easy and will take less than five minutes.

  • locksmith fulham locksmith fulham Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    A professional service from a reputable fullham locksmith will assist you quickly
    if you need to gain access to your car. All makes and models of vehicles and lock systems can be
    repaired by locksmiths.

  • Cheap washer dryers Cheap washer dryers Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    A washer dryer is a piece of equipment that combines washing and drying into one unit.
    Its washer function is similar to a traditional washing machine with a drum filled with water.
    The detergent is mixed with water and moved by drum-agitators.

  • same day lons same day lons Tuesday, 22 May 2018

    Personal loans offer fast loans, without credit checks, and no collateral.
    You can apply online with the appropriate lender to get an advance within 24 hours.

Leave your comment

Make sure you enter the (*) required information where indicated. HTML code is not allowed.

Get In Touch

Itta Center – Tirana

Kajo Karafili str, nr.3

Tirana, Albania

Itta Center – Durres

Egnatia str, in front of Credins Bank

Durres, Albania

info@ittacenter.org

Tel: +355 4 480 3619

Mob: +355 68 88 027 66 

Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…